Chinese farmers are expecting another good harvest, the total output of grains is estimated to remain over 600 metric tons, making 2018 the sixth consecutive bumper year. This can help the country to enhance food security and cope with possible economic risk at home and abroad.
The total acreage of grains grown nationwide in 2018 has increased compared with 2017, and output of staple grains such as rice and wheat stay stable this year, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.
The country has been devoted to optimizing farming pattern according to actual situations and consumer demand. The total area of corn and rice grown has decreased this year, while that of peanuts and soybeans increased, this way, China can reduce its dependence on soybeans and peanut imports, according to Han Changfu, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.
This year also sees an increase in production areas for vegetables, fruits and tea. “The stable development of agriculture can ensure food security and give us confidence in coping with possible fluctuations and economic risks at home and abroad,” Han said.
Han also said China will keep opening up agricultural sector and strengthen cooperation with foreign countries by removing several limitations to lower the threshold for foreign companies to enter the sector.
Han said China will continue to carry out international cooperation and support countries with their food security where this still poses a problem.
For a start, China has successfully grown a kind of salt tolerant rice, and transferred it to foreign land and launched a trail project in Dubai in early January 2018, and the harvest came in late May, with returns ranging between 4.8 to 7.8. tons per hectare. This is the first successful trial planting of rice in desert areas, which faces prohibitively challenging conditions, including extreme temperatures, water with too high saline content, lack of fresh water, sandstorms. The successful trial marks a historic breakthrough in planting technology and sets a good example of cooperation and friendship. The two sides are joining hands to advance the planting, and hope to make no less than 10 percent of UAE’s land arable.
The team in charge of the trail project also reveals their plans on bringing the varieties and technologies to Middle East and North Africa, to help them grow more food to feed people and alleviate poverty.
The annual trade of agricultural products flowing out of and into China was valued at about $28 bn in 2001, and the figure skyrocketed to $201 bn in 2017.
For all these years, China has been committed to the improvement of agricultural infrastructure and application of science and technology in agriculture, not only solved the basic problem of feeding its close to 1.4 bn people, but also greatly improved food security.